States can join together to form communities so they are better able to promote common interests. One such community is the so-called "international legal community”. Its members have undertaken to keep to certain rules in their dealings with one another. These rules are laid down in international law
. International law consists of a large number of treaties and is divided into laws governing peace
and laws governing war
. It describes exactly what rights and obligations nations have in peace and in war. International law centres on the United Nations Charter of 1945 and human rights
. All the countries belonging to the international legal community have signed these treaties. The idea of a common law for all peoples
is very old. Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) was the first to write about it. That is why he is considered the founder of international law.
Gerd Schneider / Christiane Toyka-Seid