The Nazis and anti-Semitism
When people harbour hostile feelings towards Jews, it is called "anti-Semitism”. These feelings can be expressed in insults, lies or humiliating or unjust actions.
This anti-Semitic sign reading "Germans! Defend yourselves! Do not buy from Jews!” hung in front of a large store in Berlin on 1 April 1933
© picture alliance / Everett-Collection
They can, however, also be manifested in physical violence or even organised mass killings.
Anti-Semitism had particularly horrifying consequences under the Nazis. Many millions of Jews in Europe were murdered during the Holocaust. The German state had planned and carried out this genocide.
Translation of the text above:
© picture alliance / IMAGNO/Votava
Feldkommandatur 581 Lomza, the 4th of July 1941
All Jews, male and female, of 12 years and over must wear a round yellow patch of at least 10 cm in diameter visibly on their chest and back. This measure must be implemented by the 7th of July,1941. Offenders will be punished.
Major & Feldkommandant
The German constitution
("Grundgesetz” or "Basic Law
”) explicitly states that anti-Semitic actions and utterances are forbidden.
Despite this, anti-Semitism still exists. Particularly among people associated with the neo-Nazi movement, anti-Jewish slogans are circulated or scrawled on walls, and Jewish tombs are desecrated. Those who carry out such crimes are prosecuted and punished. The United Nations has also condemned anti-Semitism as an expression of racism.
Gerd Schneider / Christiane Toyka-Seid